Pheromone lures are chemical compounds generated naturally by organisms and used to facilitate communication among individuals of the same species. Synthetic pest pheromones are employed in pesticide treatments to change the behavior (e.g., mating) of other members of the same species. Pheromone lures are extremely sensitive, attracting insects even at low concentrations. Pheromone trap lures are widely used to detect exotic pests, as well as for collecting, monitoring, and detecting when a pest first arrives in a particular area. Most pheromone research has been done with insects, and in particular with species regarded as pests. The amount of pheromone released by or present in a pheromone lure-producing gland varies greatly depending on species and, to a degree, behavioral function. Per person, sex-attractant pheromones can be found in microgram, nanogram, and even picogram (1012 g) levels.
When employing a pheromone trap lure, keep the following in mind:
- Pheromones are designed in accordance with the particular insect and their effects will only work on the same pest.
- Ensure that the pheromone trap lure is out of reach of children and animals.
- You should keep an eye on the pheromone trap lure with regard to weather conditions such as rain, strong winds, and freezing temperatures.
- Insects are attracted to pheromone traps. In high-traffic areas, especially if wasps, hornets, or insect pests are present, keep them away from people and gardens.